1914, 1945, EUROPE IN FLAMES

The twentieth century is marked by the great world wars: “it begins with 9 million dead”.
The room summarises the period from the First to the Second World War in order to recreate the historical and political context in which the events of Cassino take place.
At the entrance, a film about the First World War, “the first mass ideological conflict and one of the deepest wounds of modern and contemporary Europe”, is shown on a large screen dominated by a quotation from Pope Benedict XV.
A musical medley accompanies the images: the song “Penna Nera” by the Alpino, a fragment of Mendelssohn’s Symphony No. 3 “La Scozzese” and the trumpet of the Bersagliere.
The “Never Again War” panel recalls the Briand-Kellogg Pact, signed to sanction the end of all wars.
The setting in the passage recounts the dates and images of the rise of totalitarianism in the XXth century: The faces of Stalin, Mussolini and Hitler, their voices marked by an endless marching rhythm.
At the end of the tunnel there is a panel showing the declaration of war in 1940, which is the counterpart of the previous panel “Never again war”.
The last screen shows the images of the “Second World War”. It should be considered as a real ‘total’ war because of its vastness, its length, its intensity and the involvement of men and resources”.
The film is accompanied by the partisan song “Bella Ciao” and fragments from the third movement of Shostakovich’s Symphonies No. 7 and No. 5. The film ends with images of the armistice declaration of 8 September 1943.

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