and focuses on the history of Cassino and the martyrology region during the war. The Germans and the Allies were the two opposing forces in this land.

The side walls display images of the two battles, with the Germans on the left and the Allies on the right. The images include scenes of military operations and snapshots of civilians during the war, creating a stunning gallery. The Germans built the Gustav Line as a defensive barrier to stop the Allied advance towards Rome. Vintage journalists’ announcements are heard with intense percussion, evoking the reality of trench warfare. The images on the two side screens show the Germans saving the assets of the Abbey of Montecassino and the war report of the American director John Huston. The reporter’s summary of the events and battles fought in the region is displayed on the central screen.

The allies have been fighting for 14 weeks to advance 80 km from Naples to Cassino. This territory represents the last natural defensive position in the clash between two armies. The Germans lost their position, which was quickly recovered. The Gustav Line was created to resist and enable rapid counterattacks. The fierce resistance of the Aryan troops attracted worldwide attention. This was the largest battle fought in Europe. Most of the population, caught between two fires, left their villages. Many went to the North, others to the South, beyond the allied lines. Some took refuge in the mountains. A few hundred people found hospitality in the Monastery, a place considered by all to be holy, inviolable, and a world heritage.

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