HISTORIALE DI CASSINO

CERVARO – after heavy air and artillery attacks, it was reduced to a pile of rubble; the destruction struck at the heart of the ancient town, its past and its artistic heritage. The town preserves the memory of one of its heroes, Carabiniere Vittorio Marandola, who received a gold medal for military valour for the sacrifice he made to save innocent citizens.
TO SEE – the Goldsmiths’ Museum where the tools used by master goldsmiths are on display, the Sanctuary of the Madonna de’ Piternis, consecrated in 1408. It is worth mentioning the fine production of olive oil and the commitment to promoting local folklore.

S. VITTORE DEL LAZIO – is located at the crossroads of the borders between Lazio, Campania and Molise. The war events of 1943 and 1944 caused serious damage to the entire town.
TO SEE – the church of St. Nicholas, notable for its 14th-century pictorial cycles of the works of mercy and the martyrdom of St. Margaret of Antioch; the towers of the castle and the church of Santa Maria della Rosa, which, following a very ancient pattern, has a bell tower in the centre of the fa├žade.

S. PIETRO INFINE – built of stone with buildings with cellars that offered safe shelter, it was the scene of one of the bloodiest and most bloody battles. Most of the population found refuge in caves scattered across the territory where many died when they were bombed.
TO SEE – the war-destroyed town, which retains its medieval layout, the Historical Museum/visitor centre presenting the Park of Historical Memory site, the Museum of Testimonies. A typical local craft is the processing of ‘stramma’, a perennial herb, very hardy and widespread in the area.

ROCCA D’EVANDRO – was involved with Mignano Montelungo and San Pietro Infine in the first clash between the Allies and the Germans. Of ancient origins, its past is linked to the Abbey of Montecassino.
TO SEE – the medieval castle and the church of S. Maria Maggiore. It is an agricultural centre with a production of oil, wine, fruit and wheat and with a livestock sector of considerable importance.

MIGNANO MONTELUNGO – awarded the gold medal for military valour. The population was subjected to harsh harassment. The Germans, having evacuated the town, mined it and blew it up: the town was destroyed and 92 civilians died. It was the scene of the victory against the Germans of the 1st Italian Motorised Regiment.
TO SEE – the National War Memorial, the War Museum and the Italian Cemetery, the Roman excavations from the Augustan period and the medieval castle.

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